Domestic violence is characterized by a series of behavior patterns in which one partner attempts to assert control over the other partner through means like physical force, threats, and intimidation. Such abuse can occur in various forms, including: Physical Abuse Physical abuse consists of aggressive actions like punching, slapping, kicking, pushing, shoving, biting, choking, or burning. It may also encompass destructive acts such as destroying the victim’s property, mindless vandalism, and killing or harming of pets. Another huge component to physical abuse in domestic violence is sexual abuse. Pressured or forced sexual acts, criticizing the partner’s body, and rape, even if married, are all classified as sexual abuse.
Emotional abuse can take the form of excessive jealousy, mind games, isolation from family and friends, making the partner out to be crazy, issuing threats, and making the partner feel insignificant. Put-downs as well as name calling, yelling or over-aggression during conversation, and speaking ill of the partner to friends and family are all variations on the theme of verbal abuse. The aggressor may also threaten to “out” their victim’s sexual orientation to friends or family, or even hold their immigration status and fear of deportation against them.
Among the many forms that domestic violence can take is spiritual abuse. This includes actions like belittling the religious or spiritual beliefs of the victim or misinterpreting the scripture in order to justify the abuse. This is separate from emotional abuse because the victim may be made to believe that their soul is in jeopardy along with their physical and emotional well-being.
Causes of Domestic
Violence recent study revealed that both men and women diagnosed with mental illness tend to be victims of domestic violence. According to Professor Louise Howard of the Institute of Psychiatry, King’s College, London, this study demonstrated that men as well as women suffering from mental health syndromes run the risk of domestic violence. The study indicates that there are two things happening: those who suffer domestic violence are likely to develop mental health problems, and those with mental health problems are also more likely to experience domestic violence.
Directed towards women by men often stems from the misuse of control and power due to a feeling of male privilege. The privilege acts at individual as well as societal levels so that an impression of male dominance is maintained and the male wields power over the female and their children. Such a feeling has its roots in the patriarchal tradition which makes men believe that they are free to exercise power over their partners. Domestic violence might affect anyone, irrespective of one’s socio-economic status or cultural and racial background.
Impact on Children and Youth
When children and youth who undergo domestic violence experience emotional, mental, and social damage it can have a detrimental effect on their developmental growth and academic functioning. Some of them might even lose their capacity to empathize with others. Some others might feel isolated socially and have a hard time making friends owing to confusion or a sense of social discomfort over what is and isn’t socially acceptable.
While responding to the devastating issues related to domestic violence, professionals dealing in child welfare should understand such issues and also know ways to identify them. Only then can they evaluate their patients’ predicament and provide proper treatment to those children and youth who are affected by such violence.
Effects of Domestic Violence
Those living with psychological illness remain overrepresented in prisons and homeless populations, and are frequently met with economic injustices. Substance abuse, suicidal tendencies, and psychotic episodes might be triggered by maltreatment and violence. People might suffer from several types of mental illness simultaneously.
Children who experience domestic violence tend to run the risk of psychiatric disorders, developmental delays, aggressive behavior, low self-esteem and school difficulties. Exposure to traumatic experiences can set off psychological health problems; living with serious mental illness can increase the susceptibility of an individual to being abused. Although abuse might bring about emotional scarring, it does not cause grave mental health issues.